Colombia birding trip report December 2013  -  John van der Woude
Note: bird photos are in a separate section.

Finding endemic bird species and subspecies of Central and North Colombia was the main goal of this group tour with Tour leader was Laurens Steijn; Nollie and I had been with him on group tours to Madagascar and Ethiopia before. Andrés Trujillo was the local guide for ground agent Pro Aves/Ecoturs.

Andrés' great enthousiasm for finding as many specialties as possible was a real success factor, and luckily this meant that none of the group ever objected to the early hours he proposed for the next day, for nearly every day! Andrés knows the birds, the sounds and the stake-outs well. Tour leader Laurens has a sharp eye too and found many birds himself, and he is a quick photographer with his excellent equipment, his photos providing us many good memories of the birds we have seen.

Transport was partly by 17-seater bus and partly by 4WD cars. Lodging was in hotels and forest lodges. We were lucky with the weather: not too sunny (so the birds were active most of the day), and rain nearly only in a few nights. Despite all our previous birding trips to Venezuela, Ecuador and Costa Rica, we still got a fine 128 lifers (Nollie 128, me 125).

The itinerary was more or less standard for finding endemics in Central and North Colombia, see the map below. During the trip, ground agent Pro Aves/Ecoturs changed the itinerary for the Medellin region so that we had only one instead of two mornings at the important Las Tangaras site in the Choco region, a risky decision. However, we were very lucky with our only morning there as the weather was excellent for birding that day. We had stunning close-up views of my best bird of the trip, Gold-ringed Tanager, the top specialty of Las Tangaras.

For the rest, we had a smooth and well-organized trip. Colombia may have had a bad security reputation, but in the regions where we were, all looked fine, with friendly people.

All birding sites are described in the recent birdfinding guide by Jurgen Beckers and Pablo Florez (2013) - Birdwatching in Colombia. Highly recommended, even when going on an organized bird tour. ISBN 978-9-0902-7785-1.

This report is built up as follows:
Introduction - Map - Itinerary - Species lists - Photos of birding sites - Photos of birds (16 MB)

Birding sites:
1. Chingaza NP
2. La Florida marsh
3. Victoria
4. Rio Claro
5. Jardin
6. La Romera (Medellin Sabaneta)
7. Las Tangaras
8. Santa Marta mountains
9. Guajira peninsula (Los Flamencos NP)


2 Dec. 2013 - flight Amsterdam - Bogota via Panama
3 Dec. - Chingaza NP
4 Dec. - La Florida marsh and park; hummingbird garden (Jardin Encantado)
5 Dec. - forested plateau above Victoria; Llanos-like area on our way to Rio Claro
6 Dec. - Rio Claro forest and clearings
7 Dec. - Rio Claro and Oilbird area
8 Dec. - Entrance of oilbird area (Beautiful Woodpecker) and dry open area on our way to Jardin
9 Dec. - forest and open area above Jardin; riverside just below Jardin (Cock-of-the-Rock)
10 Dec. - forest above Jardin and same dry open area as 8 Dec., now on our way to Medellin
11 Dec. - La Romera forest above Medellin; drive to las Tangaras and first visit of hummingbird feeders on hill side
12 Dec. - Las Tangaras forest high and low
13 Dec. - Las Tangaras lodge grounds; flight Medellin - Santa Marta; dry forest at coast of Sta. Marta; Minca
14 Dec. - Minca area and birding drive up Sta. Marta mountain
15 Dec. - at and above Sta. Marta mountain lodge
16 Dec. - birding drive down to Minca
17 Dec. - dry coastal area of Los Flamencos NP
18 Dec. - Los Flamencos NP and flight Riohacha - Bogota
19 Dec. - park-like open forest at Laguna El Tabacal NW of Bogota; flight Bogota - Amsterdam via Paris
20 Dec. - arrival Amsterdam

Species lists
The complete day-to-day species list of the tour group, in Excel and including a column of what Nollie and I saw or heard, can be found here.
Nollie and I got the following lifers (species new for us). This list includes birds we only heard (as indicated, and placed between brackets), these do not count as lifers. The location descriptions give the first observation and often the only one.
Chestnut-winged Chachalaca along coast near Santa Marta town, dry open woodland
Colombian Chachalaca from bare top of forest plateau above Victoria, in flight below us
Black-fronted Wood Quail at lodge of Sta Marta, at feeder near kitchen
Northern Screamer Llanoslike part of Magdalena valley NE of Victoria
Bogota Rail La Florida Bogota in small puddle between rushes
Yellow-eared Parrot group at YEP-site above Jardin at sunrise
Santa Marta Parakeet above lodge on Sta Marta, 2 in flight
Flame-winged Parakeet (was Brown-breasted P) Chingaza NP before level part
Spectacled Parrotlet on plaza of Jardin
Santa Marta Screech Owl below lodge on Sta Marta, scope view at day time
Black-and-white Owl at Minca in large bamboo trees, awaking towards dusk
Tawny-bellied Hermit at feeders above Las Tangaras
Pale-bellied Hermit forest plateau above Victoria, at only 6 m
Santa Marta Sabrewing upper site on Sta Marta
Red-billed Emerald at feeders of hotel Minca, low Sta Marta
Coppery Emerald near hotel Minca, low Sta Marta
Sapphire-throated Hummingbird Guajira peninsula Los Flamencos NP, in slightly moistier part
Shining-green Hummingbird in hummer garden NW of Bogota
Andean Emerald at feeders at Las Tangaras
Blue-chested Hummingbird forest plateau above Victoria, closeby in shadow
Steely-vented Hummingbird dry intermontane basin between Medellin and Jardin
Indigo-capped Hummingbird Nollie's 5000th species on world list; in hummer garden NW of Bogota
Blossomcrown at tienda when going up the Sta Marta
Empress Brilliant at feeders above Las Tangaras
Buff-tailed Coronet at YEP site above Jardin, around farm house
Velvet-purple Coronet at feeders above Las Tangaras
Brown Inca at feeders above Las Tangaras
White-tailed Starfrontlet upper site on Sta Marta when going down, in flight (white tail), side trail
Blue-throated Starfrontlet Chingaza NP closeby before level road
Coppery-bellied Puffleg level track Chingaza NP
Purple-bibbed Whitetip at feeders above Las Tangaras
Purple-throated Woodstar at feeders at Las Tangaras
White-bellied Woodstar in hummer garden NW of Bogota
Gorgeted Woodstar in hummer garden NW of Bogota
Santa Marta Woodstar forest road when going down from Sta Marta lodge, flight: only woodstar here
Western White-tailed Trogon Rio Claro reserve at cottages
Whooping Motmot in garden of hotel Minca, low Sta Marta
Barred Puffbird Rio Claro reserve at P clearing near main road, very close view, found by HS
White-mantled Barbet forest plateau above Victoria, scope view in tall tree
Santa Marta Toucanet on lodge grounds of Sta Marta
Black-billed Mountain Toucan temperate forest Chingaza NP
Greyish Piculet dry intermontane basin, in tall trees along road in S Antioquia
Chestnut Piculet Guajira peninsula Los Flamencos NP at 7 m in the cunucu woodland
Beautiful Woodpecker large clearing near Rio Claro reserve, finally, just before leaving the site
Cinnamon Woodpecker Rio Claro forest, brief view when flying up from tree, calling
Rusty-headed Spinetail upper site on Sta Marta, head i+DF1324n the sun, after taping, on side trail
Silvery-throated Spinetail La Florida Bogota in tree between houses on compound!
Red-faced Spinetail near top of forest trail above Las Tangaras
Streak-capped Spinetail upper site on Sta Marta, against small stem at 3 m
Star-chested Treerunner (Fulvous-dotted) along forest trail above Las Tangaras
Buffy Tuftedcheek along forest trail above Las Tangaras
Scaly-throated Foliage-gleaner along forest trail above Las Tangaras
Uniform Treehunter going up the trail above Las Tangaras
Santa Marta Foliage-gleaner going up the Sta Marta, in dense tangles at 8 m
Tyrannine Woodcreeper above Jardin 2nd day in large mixed flock, well seen bill too
Northern Barred Woodcreeper Rio Claro forest
Black-backed Antshrike behind Minca, low Sta Marta
Bar-crested Antshrike dry intermontane basin, below tall trees along road in S Antioquia
Pacific Antwren Rio Claro reserve along dirt road, female, near puddle
Santa Marta Antbird (split fr Long-tailed A) J only - briefly seen in bushes at Y down Sta Marta
Magdalena Antbird Rio Claro reserve trail up, 1 p. (split fr Dull-mantled)
Blue-lored Antbird (split fr Immaculate) last day outing NW of Bogota, female at 4 m
White-cheeked Antbird (split from Bicolored) Rio Claro reserve in puddle on dirt road
(Santa Marta Antpitta heard only)
Yellow-breasted Antpitta at forest trail above Las Tangaras, seen well at 12 m
(Ochre-breasted Antpitta heard only)
Ash-colored Tapaculo temperate forest Chingaza NP
(Santa Marta Tapaculo heard only)
(Alto Pisones Tapaculo heard only)
(Narino Tapaculo heard only)
(Choco Tapaculo heard only)
Stiles's Tapaculo La Romera reserve above Medellin, heard and shortly seen undergrowth
Brown-rumped Tapaculo very brief view calling at 3 m high part of Sta Marta (seen by J only)
Spillmann's Tapaculo temperate forest Chingaza NP
Pale-bellied Tapaculo (was Matorral T) first lifer of the trip, Chingaza NP, pale belly
Blackish Tapaculo near YEP reserve down forest road above Jardin
Lesser Elaenia along young trail Florida marsh
Agile Tit-Tyrant Chingaza NP in low temperate forest
Subtropical Doradito open marsh of La Florida
Choco Tyrannulet at top of forest trail above Las Tangaras
Golden-faced Tyrannulet near hotel Minca, low Sta Marta
Antioquia Bristle Tyrant trail up in Rio Claro forest
Slender-billed Tyrannulet (was Inezia) Guajira peninsula Los Flamencos NP, in slightly moistier part
Pale-tipped Tyrannulet (was Inezia) Guajira peninsula Los Flamencos NP
Handsome Flycatcher at start of forest trail above Las Tangaras, near the cars
Rufous-crowned Tody-Flycatcher in flock 2nd day above Jardin
Slaty-headed Tody-Flycatcher dry intermontane area S of Medellin, good view, after Tayra crossed the road
Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher above Victoria, on track down from open hill
Black-billed Flycatcher Rio Claro reserve at P clearing near main road, clear view in cecropia
(Santa Marta Bush Tyrant heard only)
Panamanian Flycatcher Rio Claro reserve along river, seen well.
Apical Flycatcher dry intermontane basin, tall roadside trees, well seen, sound OK
Dusky Piha walking down from YEP site Jardin, along forest road, picking berries
Olivaceous Piha along forest trail above Las Tangaras
Golden-winged Manakin near start of forest trail above Las Tangaras
White-bibbed Manakin forest plateau above Victoria, back into forest, at 7 m!
Blue-crowned Manakin N only, along small river to oilbird caves near Rio Claro
(Yellow-headed Manakin heard only)
Black-billed Peppershrike part of large flock above Jardin 2nd day, closeby at roadside
Choco Vireo along forest trail above Las Tangaras
Rufous-naped Greenlet La Romera reserve above Medellin, seen well, 2 at eye level
(Beautiful Jay heard only, by N only)
White-thighed Swallow clearing near Rio Claro reserve
White-headed Wren in open area below forest trail above Las Tangaras, taped in from far
Sepia-brown Wren (Sharpe's W) above Jardin 2nd day, furnarid-like behaviour near flock
Apolinar's Wren La Florida Bogota end of golf course in dense reeds
Black-bellied Wren forest plateau above Victoria, back at the cars, heard, short flight views
Antioquia Wren (split fr Speckle-breasted) dry area S of Medellin, in small tree (J only)
(Chestnut-breasted Wren heard only)
Grey-cheeked Thrush Rio Claro reserve in puddle on dirt road
Velvet-fronted Euphonia two along rd to Victoria in bare branches
Golden-fronted Whitestart temperate forest Chingaza NP, nicely in top
Yellow-crowned Whitestart above lodge on Sta Marta, at 5 m only
Santa Marta Warbler upper site on Sta Marta, at 3 m, fine view+DF4815
White-lored Warbler going up the Sta Marta, closeby in lianas
Red-bellied Grackle La Romera reserve above Medellin, 2 seen well at eye level mossy trees
Golden-winged Sparrow near hotel Minca, low Sta Marta
Sierra Nevada Brush Finch at lodge on Sta Marta, compost heap
Santa Marta Brush Finch at lodge on Sta Marta, near building
Choco Brush Finch along forest trail above Las Tangaras
Dusky-faced Tanager small group below us at river in Rio Claro forest
Black-capped Hemispingus Chingaza NP
Tawny-crested Tanager Rio Claro reserve trail up, 1 p. below us > cap well seen
Flame-rumped Tanager at border of Jardin, near COTR lek and river
Black-and-gold Tanager at start of forest trail above Las Tangaras, near the cars
Gold-ringed Tanager at top of forest trail above Las Tangaras; bird of the trip for me
Santa Marta Mountain Tanager upper site on Sta Marta, abov+DF2366e track
Black-chinned Mountain Tanager near start of forest trail above Las Tangaras
Purplish-mantled Tanager above Jardin 2nd day, part of mixed flock, closeby
Glistening-green Tanager at start of forest trail above Las Tangaras, near the cars
Plain-colored Tanager Rio Claro reserve at P clearing main road, at 7 m foraging
Scrub Tanager forest plateau above Victoria, nearly at top; John's 5000th species
Metallic-green Tanager La Romera reserve abopve Medellin, 2 well seen at eye level
Yellow-tufted Dacnis in flock around Roadside Hawk in forest top above Victoria (=Black-faced D)
Golden-collared Honeycreeper near start of forest trail above Las Tangaras
Rufous-browed Conebill level track Chingaza NP
Dull-colored Grassquit N only, last day outing NW of Bogota (N only)
Sooty Ant Tanager forest plateau above Victoria, small group incl. adult male, crest seen
Crested Ant Tanager at dawn at Las Tangaras lodge before departure
Rosy Thrush-Tanager N only, last day outing NW of Bogota (N only)
Vermilion Cardinal Guajira peninsula Los Flamencos NP, at start already
Orinoco Saltator Guajira peninsula Los Flamencos NP, 2 at woodland border
Also a beautiful snake at the entrance to the oilbird area: Chironius carinatus spixii. See photo in the bird photo section.


Endemic (End) and near-endemic (nEnd) species of our personal species list were the following:
Northern Screamer   Chauna chavaria nEnd
Chestnut-winged Chachalaca   Ortalis garrula End
Colombian Chachalaca   Ortalis columbiana End
Black-fronted Wood-Quail   Odontophorus atrifrons nEnd
Bogota Rail   Rallus semiplumbeus End
Yellow-eared Parrot   Ognorhynchus icterotis End
Santa Marta Parakeet   Pyrrhura viridicata End
Flame-winged Parakeet   Pyrrhura calliptera End
Saffron-headed Parrot   Pyrilia pyrilia nEnd
Santa Marta Screech-Owl   Megascops sp nov End
Blossomcrown   Anthocephala floriceps End
Violet-tailed Sylph   Aglaiocercus coelestis nEnd
Coppery-bellied Puffleg   Eriocnemis cupreoventris nEnd
Brown Inca   Coeligena wilsoni nEnd
White-tailed Starfrontlet   Coeligena phalerata End
Velvet-purple Coronet   Boissonneaua jardini nEnd
Empress Brilliant   Heliodoxa imperatrix nEnd
Santa Marta Woodstar   Chaetocercus astreans End
Purple-throated Woodstar   Calliphlox mitchellii nEnd
Red-billed Emerald   Chlorostilbon gibsoni nEnd
Coppery Emerald   Chlorostilbon russatus nEnd
Santa Marta Sabrewing   Campylopterus phainopeplus End
Indigo-capped Hummingbird   Amazilia cyanifrons End
White-tipped Quetzal   Pharomachrus fulgidus nEnd
White-mantled Barbet   Capito hypoleucus End
Toucan Barbet   Semnornis ramphastinus nEnd
Grayish Piculet   Picumnus granadensis End
Chestnut Piculet   Picumnus cinnamomeus nEnd
Beautiful Woodpecker   Melanerpes pulcher End
Silvery-throated Spinetail   Synallaxis subpudica End
Rusty-headed Spinetail   Synallaxis fuscorufa End
White-whiskered Spinetail   Synallaxis candei nEnd
Streak-capped Spinetail   Cranioleuca hellmayri nEnd
Fulvous-dotted Treerunner   Margarornis stellatus nEnd
Uniform Treehunter   Thripadectes ignobilis nEnd
Santa Marta Foliage-gleaner   Automolus rufipectus End
Black-crested Antshrike   Sakesphorus canadensis nEnd
Santa Marta Antpitta   Grallaria bangsi HO End
Yellow-breasted Antpitta   Grallaria flavotincta nEnd
Santa Marta Tapaculo   Scytalopus sanctaemartae HO End
Choco Tapaculo   Scytalopus chocoensis nEnd
Stiles's Tapaculo   Scytalopus stilesi End
Nariño Tapaculo   Scytalopus vicinior HO nEnd
Brown-rumped Tapaculo   Scytalopus latebricola End
Pale-bellied Tapaculo   Scytalopus griseicollis End
Agile Tit-Tyrant   Uromyias agilis nEnd
Antioquia Bristle-Tyrant   Phylloscartes lanyoni End
Slender-billed Tyrannulet   Inezia tenuirostris nEnd
Black-billed Flycatcher   Aphanotriccus audax nEnd
Santa Marta Bush-Tyrant   Myiotheretes pernix HO End
Apical Flycatcher   Myiarchus apicalis End
Yellow-headed Manakin   Xenopipo flavicapilla HO nEnd
Choco Vireo   Vireo masteri nEnd
Beautiful Jay   Cyanolyca pulchra HO nEnd
Apolinar's Wren   Cistothorus apolinari End
Flame-rumped Tanager   Ramphocelus flammigerus End
Black-and-gold Tanager   Bangsia melanochlamys End
Gold-ringed Tanager   Bangsia aureocincta End
Santa Marta Mountain-Tanager   Anisognathus melanogenys End
Black-chinned Mountain-Tanager   Anisognathus notabilis nEnd
Purplish-mantled Tanager   Iridosornis porphyrocephalus nEnd
Glistening-green Tanager   Chlorochrysa phoenicotis nEnd
Scrub Tanager   Tangara vitriolina nEnd
Rufous-throated Tanager   Tangara rufigula nEnd
Rufous-browed Conebill   Conirostrum rufum End
Indigo Flowerpiercer   Diglossa indigotica nEnd
Sierra Nevada Brush-Finch   Arremon basilicus End
Santa Marta Brush-Finch   Atlapetes melanocephalus End
Dusky Bush-Tanager   Chlorospingus semifuscus nEnd
Sooty Ant-Tanager   Habia gutturalis End
Crested Ant-Tanager   Habia cristata End
Golden-fronted Whitestart   Myioborus ornatus nEnd
Yellow-crowned Whitestart   Myioborus flavivertex End
White-lored Warbler   Basileuterus conspicillatus End
Santa Marta Warbler   Basileuterus basilicus End
Red-bellied Grackle   Hypopyrrhus pyrohypogaster End
Velvet-fronted Euphonia   Euphonia concinna End

Several of the birds we saw have endemic subspecies in Colombia. I made a list of these, as far as we saw the species (and most probably also this subspecies), based on IOC v. 3.5 (
Little Tinamou Crypturellus soui caucae (NC-Col.)
Sickle-winged Guan Chamaepetes goudotii goudotii (WC-Col.), sanctaemartae (St.M mts)
Band-tailed Guan Penelope argyrotis sanctaemartae (St.Marta mts)
Black-fronted Wood-Quail Odontophorus atrifrons atrifrons (Sta.Marta mts)
Spot-flanked Gallinule Gallinula melanops bogotensis (C-Col.)
American Coot (Colombian) Fulica americana columbiana (Col. & N-Ecuador near-endemic)
Wattled Jacana Jacana jacana dark type melanopygia (W-Col. to W-Ven.)
Ruddy Ground Dove Columbina talpacoti caucae (West-Colombia)
Ruddy Pigeon Patagioenas subvinacea anolaimae (C-Col.)
Eared Dove (bogota versie) Zenaida auriculata caucae (W-Col.), antioquiae (NC-Col.)
Brown-throated Parakeet Aratinga pertinax griseipecta (NE-Col.)
Green-rumped Parrotlet Forpus passerinus cyanophanes (N-Col.)
Spectacled Parrotlet Forpus conspicillatus caucae (SW-Col.)
Red-billed Parrot Pionus sordidus saturatus (Sta.Marta mts.)
Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium brasilianum medianum (N-Col.)
Long-billed Hermit Phaethornis longirostris susurrus (N-Col.)
Blossomcrown Anthocephala floriceps floriceps (Sta. Marta mts.)
Greenish Puffleg Haplophaedia aureliae aureliae (C&E-Col.)
Mountain Velvetbreast Lafresnaya lafresnayi longirostris (WC-Col.)
Booted Racket-tail Ocreatus underwoodii incommodus (W&C-Col.)
Red-billed Emerald Chlorostilbon gibsoni chrysogaster (Sta.Marta mts +)
Crowned Woodnymph Thalurania colombica (was Violet-cr W) subtropicalis (WC-Col.) ?
Sapphire-throated Hummingbird Lepidopyga coeruleogularis confinis (N-Col.)
Shining-green Hummingbird Lepidopyga goudoti goudoti (NC-Col.)
White-tipped Quetzal Pharomachrus fulgidus festatus (N-Col.)
Whooping Motmot Momotus subrufescens olivaresi (NC-Col.)
Rufous-tailed Jacamar Galbula ruficauda pallens (N-Col..;NE-Col. is brevirostris)
White-mantled Barbet Capito hypoleucus extinctus (C.-Col.)
Toucan Barbet Semnornis ramphastinus caucae (SW-Col.)
Red-headed Barbet Eubucco bourcierii occidentalis (W-Col.)
Santa Marta Toucanet Aulacorhynchus lautus Sta. Marta-endemic split from A. prasimus
Black-billed Mountain-Toucan Andigena nigrirostris occidentalis (W-Col.)
Grayish Piculet Picumnus granadensis antioquensis
Chestnut Piculet Picumnus cinnamomeus cinnamomeus (N-Col.)
Acorn Woodpecker Melanerpes formicivorus flavigula (Colombia)
Golden-olive Woodpecker Colaptes rubiginosus alleni (N-Col.)
Spot-breasted Woodpecker Colaptes punctigula striatigularis (WC-Col.)
Buffy Tuftedcheek Pseudocolaptes lawrencii (=Pacific T. Ps. johnsoni; Col & Ec.)
Montane Foliage-gleaner Anabacerthia striaticollis anxia (Sta. Marta mts.)
Cocoa Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus susurrans rosenbergi (W-Col.)
Bar-crested Antshrike Thamnophilus multistriatus brachyurus (W-Col.)
Plain Antvireo Dysithamnus mentalis semicinereus (WC-Col.)
Magdalena Antbird Myrmeciza palliata (also in NW Ven. near-endemic)
Blue-lored Antbird Myrmeciza immaculata (Andean Immaculate-Antb) conception (C-Col.)
White-cheeked Antbird Gymnopithys leucaspis (split fr Bicolored) (ssp. leucapsis? E-Col.)
Chestnut-naped Antpitta Grallaria nuchalis ruficeps (C-Col.)
Slaty-crowned Antpitta Grallaricula nana occidentalis (W-Col.)
Pale-bellied Tapaculo Scytalopus griseicollis (=Col. endemic) griseicollis (Cundinamarca)
Black-capped Tyrannulet Phyllomyias nigrocapillus flavimentum (Sta.Marta mts.)
White-throated Tyrannulet Mecocerculus leucophrys setophagoides (NC-Col.),montensis (StM mts)
Streak-necked Flycatcher Mionectes striaticollis selvae (WC-Col.)
Olive-striped Flycatcher Mionectes olivaceus galbinus (Sta.Marta mts.)
Black-throated Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus granadensis lehmanni (Sta.Marta mts.)
Yellow-olive Flatbill Tolmomyias sulphurescens (was Y-o Flycatcher)
Cinnamon Flycatcher Pyrrhomyias cinnamomeus assimilis (Sta.Marta mts.)
Yellow-bellied Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca diadema jesupi (Sta.Marta mts.)
Brown-backed Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca fumicolor ferruginea (W+C Col.)
Great Kiskadee Pitangus sulphuratus caucensis (W+S Col.)
Golden-breasted Fruiteater Pipreola aureopectus decora (Sta.Marta mts.)
Golden-winged Manakin Masius chrysopterus bellus (W-Col.)
White-bearded Manakin Manacus manacus flaveolus (C-Col.)
Blue-crowned Manakin Lepidothrix coronata caquetae (C-Col.)
Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus caucae (W-Col.)
Scrub Greenlet Hylophilus flavipes flavipes (N+C-Col.)
Black-bellied Wren Pheugopedius fasciatoventri fasciatoventris (NC-Col.)
Speckle-breasted Wren Pheugopedius sclateri columbianus (W-Col.)
White-breasted Wood-Wren Henicorhina leucosticta albilateralis (NC-Col.)
Gray-breasted Wood-Wren Henicorhina leucophrys bangsi (StM <2000ft), anachoreta(StM>2000ft)
Slaty-backed Nighting-Thrush Catharus fuscater sanctaemartae (N-Col.)
Black-billed Thrush Turdus ignobilis ignobilis (E+C Andes), goodfellowi (W-Andes)
Black-hooded Thrush Turdus olivater sanctaemartae (N-Col.)
Great Thrush Turdus fuscater cacozelus (Sta.Marta mts)
Crimson-backed Tanager Ramphocelus dimidiatus molochinus (C-Col.)
Flame-rumped Tanager Ramphocelus flammigerus (=Col. endemic!)
Blue-gray Tanager Thraupis episcopus leucoptera (C-Col.)
Blue-capped Tanager Thraupis cyanocephala annectens (C+W-Col.), margaritae (N-Col.)
Lacrimose Mountain-Tanager Anisognathus lacrymosus 3 endemic ssp in WC-Col.
Blue-winged Mountain-Tanager Anisognathus somptuosus antioquiae (NC-Col.)
Blue-necked Tanager Tangara cyanicollis granadensis (W-Col.)
Plain-coloured Tanager Tangara inornata inornata (NC-Col.)
Golden Tanager Tangara arthus occidentalis (W-Col.)
Swallow Tanager Tersina viridis grisescens (N-Col.)
Yellow-tufted Dacnis Dacnis egregia egregia (NC-Col.)
Blue Dacnis Dacnis cayana napaea (NC-Col.)
Yellow-backed Tanager Hemithraupis flavicollis albigularis (NC-Col.)
Rufous-browed Conebill Conirostrum rufum (=Col. endemic!)
Rosy Thrush-Tanager Rhodinocichla rosea harterti (NC-Col.)
Gray Seedeater Sporophila intermedia bogotensis? (W-Col.)
Gray-browed Brush-Finch Arremon assimilis (split from A. torquatus)
White-naped Brush-Finch Atlapetes albinucha gutturalis (N-Col., no other ssp. in Col.)
Choco Brushfinch Atlapetes tricolor split fr Tricolored Brush-Finch, near-endemic
Common Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus flavopectus several endemic ssp. in Col.
Dusky Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus semifuscus livingstoni (W-Col.)
Red Tanager Piranga flava S-Am split from Hepatic
Slate-throated Whitestart Myioborus miniatus sanctaemartae (N-Col.)
Citrine Warbler Basileuterus luteoviridis quindiana? (C-Col.)/richardsoni? (W-Col.)
Golden-crowned Warbler Basileuterus culicivorus occultus?(W-Col.)/austerus?(C-Col.)
Buff-rumped Warbler Phaeothlypis fulvicauda motacilla (N-Col.; Restall: NC-Col.)
Russet-backed Oropendola Psarocolius angustifrons sincipitalis (NC-Col.)
Northern Mountain Cacique Cacius leucoramphus split from C. chrysonotus; Ven. to N-Peru
Yellow-hooded Blackbird Chrysomus icterocephalus bogotensis (NC-Col.)
Blue-naped Chlorophonia Chlorophonia cyanea psittacina (N-Col.)

Photos of birding sites

Chingaza NP.

Chingaza NP.

La Florida marsh.

Hummingbird garden (Jardin Encantado).

Forest and clearings above Victoria.

Central plaza of Victoria (hotel at plaza), with parrotlets in the large tree.

Lake on our way to Rio Claro. Few birds, except the closeby potoo that the children pointed out to us.
Below: Andrés helping the girl of the potoo with Jan's scope.

Often we had to wait a little for road works. A sign of the resurrecting Colombia?

The Llanos-like open area on our way to Rio Claro (for the screamers).
Below front four: Laurens, Fred, Nollie, Rhea.

Rooms of the Rio Claro lodge, right inside the forest.
Below: Rio Claro upriver from the restaurant.

The clearing where the trail (stream!) to the oilbird cave starts. 
Below: Teva(-like) sandals were a must to get to the oilbird cave!

The lively plaza of Jardin, at our hotel doorstep. A very nice town with beautiful surroundings. Could stay there longer!

The farm (with hummingbird feeders right) near the Yellow-eared Parrot protection site high above Jardin.
Below: breakfast in the field (at the farm).

The forest above Jardin.

At the river just below Jardin, near the Cock-of-the-Rocks.

Part of Las Tangaras lodge.

Protected forest above Las Tangaras.
Below: lunch in the field.

Promising views of the Magdalena river, from the plane during the flight from Medellin to Sta. Marta.

Near Minca in the lower part of the Santa Marta mountains.

In the upper part of the Sta. Marta, near the lodge.

View of the snowy mountains of the Sta. Marta massif, from above the lodge.
Below: our Pro Aves lodge of the Sta. Marta mountains.

The very birdy garden of the Pro Aves lodge on the Sta. Marta mountains.

On our way back down to Minca (Sta. Marta mountains). Note the bad quality of the road (photo below).

In Los Flamencos NP on the dry Guajira peninsula.

At the lagoons of Los Flamencos NP.

Birding in the dry bush of Los Flamencos NP.

Laguna El Tabacal NW of Bogota, on our last morning before the flight back home. 
With a last view (below) of the lush forest vegetation that was so typical of this successful trip.

To the bird photos (16 MB)